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The Two International Sanitary Conventions of 1944

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Draft of the 1944 International Sanitary Convention

In mid-January 1945, UNRRA became the administrator of the Conventions, establishing relationships with the Office international d'hygiène publique (OIHP) and the League of Nations in order to secure and disburse health related information. It was now the main clearing center for all health-related matters in the world with Member States frequently forwarding it new information.

The 1944 Conventions added clarity and incorporated new facts learned since the previous conventions. For instance, the distances at which certain ships must be moored from the shore was increased from 200 to 400 meters; standards for yellow fever vaccines were laid out; and maximum quarantine measures against persons without a valid inoculation certificate were stated.